Museum Folkwang
  • Drawings of the 19th Century – Mountains

  • 19th century German-speaking artists’ enthusiasm for Italy was the reason for Italian motifs in drawing and painting being very widespread. Equally, the world of the Alps, whose crossing was a prerequisite for every stay in Italy, was often reflected in the art of the day. Of special interest for today are the numerous drawings made on site which thus give a direct impression of a certain landscapes. Useful for this were sketchbooks in which optical impressions could be quickly captured with a pencil.

    Ludwig Richter also used sketchbooks when travelling alone to Italy in the summer of 1823, using his trip for excursions and hikes off his route to visit and draw notable landscape formations. The Grafische Sammlung in the Museum Folkwang holds 15 of Richter’s pencil drawings he made during this trip. Because of his precise labelling and often exact dating, the holding can be used to retrace Richter’s route. On 8 August, 1823 he made four drawings of the ›Traun Waterfalls‹ near Lambach, which lies to the north of Salzburg, where he stayed from 27 June to 5 August. Then Richter headed south, drawing ›The Oven‹ – cliffs which had collapsed onto one another and through which the Salzach flowed, near Golling – on 13 and 14 August. Richter then followed the Salzach towards Lend, which he reached on 15 August and in the surroundings of which he drew the narrow gorges which the river flowed through (›The Gorge near Lend‹, ›Waterfall near Lend‹). From Innsbruck, which he reached on 24 August, staying there until 5 September, Richter crossed the Brenner Pass at dawn on 6 September, as shown by another of his drawings on which Richter captured in a few words the fascinating effects of the early morning light: »The horns’ golden glow/blue humid shadows«.

    Apart from such detailed studies of landscapes, as often seen from a walker’s perspective, Richter also drew the large panoramas which appeared less frequently, such as ›The Tännengebirge near Salzburg‹ or the view of the ›Untersberg near Salzberg‹ which rises behind a broad plain. Independent of the question of the section he chose, Richter’s Alp drawings fascinate with directness with which they capture the events, beyond the conventions of the day for the construction of a landscape drawing as had been formulated and employed only a few years before by Adrian Zingg.

    Aside from such sketchbook sheets, there were also large format drawings, such as Karl Ludwig Seeger’s depiction of the ›Jochberg‹ in the Bavarian foothills, for which it is difficult to determine whether, in spite of the exact dating of 19 May, 1834, because of its size, it was made directly on site or whether Seeger used smaller preparatory sketches which he then employed in the larger format. The same is true of Christian Morgenstern’s slightly more recent depiction of ›The Black Lake in the Voges‹. Both sheets are united by a great interest in the depiction of the otherwise quite different geological features.
  • Exh_Title_S: Drawings of the 19th Century – Mountains
  • Exh_Id: 616
  • Exh_Comment_S (Verantw): Department of Prints and Drawings
  • Exh_SpareNField01_N (Verantw ID): 186
Works
Traunfall
Traunfall
Traunfall
Traunfall
Die Oefen
Die Klamm bei Lend
Wasserfall bei Lend
Am Brenner im Morgenrot
Gebirgsklamm
Gollinger Wasserfall
Ansicht vom Gaisberg
Das Tännengebirge bei Salzburg
  • Adrian Ludwig Richter
  • Das Tännengebirge bei Salzburg, 1823

  • The Tännengebirge near Salzberg
  • Model for the composition of th background in the painting ›Salzburgische Landschaft mit dem Tännengebirge‹ from 1830 in the Gemäldeglerie Neueu Meister Dresden and for the etching “Das Tännengebirge bei Salzburg” (HB 193)
  • Inv. C 493
Der Untersberg bei Salzburg
In der Ramsau bei Salzburg
  • Adrian Ludwig Richter
  • In der Ramsau bei Salzburg, 1823

  • In the Ramsau near Salzburg
  • Model for the eponymous etching from the series ›Mahlerische Ansichten aus der Umgebung von Salzburg‹ from 1830 (HB 194)
  • Inv. C 352
Der Lattenberg vom Mönchsberg
Thun
Der Jochberg
Der Schwarze See in den Vogesen
Berglandschaft
Flusslandschaft mit felsigem Ufer
Berglandschaft
Blick über Aosta auf den kleinen St. Bernhard
Bauernhäuser in Partenkirchen