Museum Folkwang
Heilige Maria von Ägypten
  • Emil Nolde
  • Heilige Maria von Ägypten, 1912

  • Saint Mary of Egypt
  • Oil on canvas
  • 87 x 100,5 cm
  • Acquired in 1924 for the Museum Folkwang, Essen, confiscated in 1937 and re-acquired in 1950 with the support of the Folkwang-Museumsverein
  • Inv. G 217
  • CommentaryIn the medieval text collection ›Legenda Aurea‹ Jacobus de Voragine, Dominican monk and Archbishop of Genoa, quite openly recounts how Maria Aegyptiaca, later to become a saint, once travelled to Jerusalem. When the boatsman demanded to be paid, she is said to have replied: »I can’t give it to you; but take my body and take your pay with it. So they took me with them and my body paid for my crossing.« According to legend, the Egyptian Maria lived a dissipated life for 17 years before she converted during a pilgrimage to the festival of the finding of the true cross in Jerusalem and then lived for 47 years as a hermit in the desert. Depicted is the moment her body was found by St. Zosimus, with a lion to his side which is said to have helped prepare a grave. Nolde’s paintings with religious themes, characterized by an extremely direct subjectivity, were controversial during his lifetime. Nolde himself wrote in 1909 on this phenomenon: »I followed an irresistible desire to depict deep spiritualism, religion and ardency though without much willingness, knowledge or consideration«.
  • Provenance1916, Künstler
    1916 frühestens - 1925, Dr. Paul Erich Küppers, Hannover
    1925 - 06.07.1937, Museum Folkwang, Essen
    06.07.1937, für die Ausstellung "Entartete Kunst" in München, Beschlagnahmung durch das Reichsministerium für Volksaufklärung und Propaganda, Berlin
    1938, Depot Schloss Schönhausen
    1939 - 1945, Kauf vom Deutschen Reich, Bernhard A. Böhmer, Güstrow
    05.1945 - 1949, Nachlass Böhmer, Wilma Zelck, Rostock (Schwägerin von B. A. Böhmer)
    1949 - 1949, Kauf bei Zelck, Kunsthandel Edgar Horstmann, Hamburg
    1950, Kauf bei Horstmann, Museum Folkwang, Essen
  • Obj_Id: 3,432
  • Obj_Internet_S: Highlight
  • Obj_Ownership_S (Verantw):Painting, Sculpture, Media Art
  • Obj_SpareNField01_N (Verantw): 187
  • Obj_Creditline_S: Museum Folkwang, Essen, Gemäldesammlung
  • Obj_Title1_S: Heilige Maria von Ägypten
  • Obj_Title2_S: Saint Mary of Egypt
  • Obj_PartDescription_S (Titelerg):
  • Obj_SpareMField01_M (Alle Titel): Heilige Maria von Ägypten Saint Mary of Egypt Heilige Maria von Ägypten
  • Obj_Dating_S: 1912
  • Jahr von: 1,912
  • Jahr bis: 1,912
  • Obj_IdentNr_S: G 217
  • Obj_IdentNrSort_S: G 0217
  • Obj_Classification_S (Objtyp): Painting
  • Obj_Crate_S: 87 x 100,5 cm
  • Obj_Material_S: Oil on canvas
  • Obj_Technique_S:
  • Obj_SpareSField01_S (Mat./Tech.): Oil on canvas
  • Obj_AccNote_S (Erwerb): Acquired in 1924 for the Museum Folkwang, Essen, confiscated in 1937 and re-acquired in 1950 with the support of the Folkwang-Museumsverein
  • Obj_PermanentLocation_S (Standort):
  • Obj_Condition1_S (Druckerei):
  • Obj_Condition2_S (Auflage):
  • Obj_Subtype_S (Genre):
  • Obj_Rights_S: © Nolde Stiftung Seebüll
Commentary
Artists
Provenance

1916, Künstler
1916 frühestens - 1925, Dr. Paul Erich Küppers, Hannover
1925 - 06.07.1937, Museum Folkwang, Essen
06.07.1937, für die Ausstellung "Entartete Kunst" in München, Beschlagnahmung durch das Reichsministerium für Volksaufklärung und Propaganda, Berlin
1938, Depot Schloss Schönhausen
1939 - 1945, Kauf vom Deutschen Reich, Bernhard A. Böhmer, Güstrow
05.1945 - 1949, Nachlass Böhmer, Wilma Zelck, Rostock (Schwägerin von B. A. Böhmer)
1949 - 1949, Kauf bei Zelck, Kunsthandel Edgar Horstmann, Hamburg
1950, Kauf bei Horstmann, Museum Folkwang, Essen