Museum Folkwang
Les maisons sous les arbres
  • Fernand Léger
  • Les maisons sous les arbres, 1913

  • The Houses under the Trees
  • Mixed technique or tempera on canvas
  • 80,5 x 60 cm
  • Acquired in 1959 with the support of the Agnes-und-Eugen-von-Waldthausen-Platzhoff-Museums-Stiftung
  • Inv. G 303
  • Commentary»Realism in painting is a simultaneous ordering of the three fundamental structuring elements of line, form and color«. With these words, Ferdinand Léger defined his painting as an artistic equivalent of a simultaneousness of various impressions of the senses which characterized the industrial age. In the contrast of forms, to which ‘The Houses under the Trees’ belongs, the artist strictly applied this concept. Black lines form cubic forms, creating an optical impression of light and shadow and thus a spatial effect through an alternation of the colors red, green, blue and occasionally yellow together with a contrasting white. Rectangular forms suggesting houses in the center of the composition are opposite half-circled figures, put together like a spiral, which can be read as trees. A close alternation of these elements creates an illusion of landscape, architecture, light and movement.
    Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, the Cubist’s influential German dealer, bought this work the year it was made. After a compulsory auction of the contents of his gallery at the beginning of the 1920's to pay off French reparation demands, Léger's ‘The Houses under the Trees’ came into private hands in Paris.
  • Provenance1959, Galerie Dr. Fritz und Dr. Peter Nathan, Zürich
    1959, Museum Folkwang, Essen
  • Obj_Id: 3,369
  • Obj_Internet_S: Highlight
  • Obj_Ownership_S (Verantw):Painting, Sculpture, Media Art
  • Obj_SpareNField01_N (Verantw): 187
  • Obj_Creditline_S: Gemäldesammlung
  • Obj_Title1_S: Les maisons sous les arbres
  • Obj_Title2_S: The Houses under the Trees
  • Obj_PartDescription_S (Titelerg):
  • Obj_SpareMField01_M (Alle Titel): Les maisons sous les arbres The Houses under the Trees Les maisons sous les arbres Die Häuser unter Bäumen
  • Obj_Dating_S: 1913
  • Jahr von: 1,913
  • Jahr bis: 1,913
  • Obj_IdentNr_S: G 303
  • Obj_IdentNrSort_S: G 0303
  • Obj_Classification_S (Objtyp): Painting
  • Obj_Crate_S: 80,5 x 60 cm
  • Obj_Material_S: Mixed technique or tempera on canvas
  • Obj_Technique_S:
  • Obj_SpareSField01_S (Mat./Tech.): Mixed technique or tempera on canvas
  • Obj_AccNote_S (Erwerb): Acquired in 1959 with the support of the Agnes-und-Eugen-von-Waldthausen-Platzhoff-Museums-Stiftung
  • Obj_PermanentLocation_S (Standort):
  • Obj_Condition1_S (Druckerei):
  • Obj_Condition2_S (Auflage):
  • Obj_Subtype_S (Genre):
  • Obj_Rights_S: © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2017
Commentary
Artists
Provenance

1959, Galerie Dr. Fritz und Dr. Peter Nathan, Zürich
1959, Museum Folkwang, Essen