Museum Folkwang
Figurengruppe in römischem Park II
  • Hans von Marées
  • Figurengruppe in römischem Park II, around 1868

  • Group of Figures at Roman Park II
  • Oil on canvas
  • 74 x 105 cm
  • Acquired 1939 with the support of the City of Essen and the NSDAP Gauleitung of the City of Essen, restored 1950 to the Hirschland family and left to the Museum Folkwang as the legacy of Dr Georg Hirschland.
  • Inv. G 114
  • CommentaryAlong with Arnold Böcklin, Anselm Feuerbach, and the sculptor Adolf von Hildebrand, Hans von Marées ranks among the second generation of artists that traveled to Italy. Together with Feuerbach and Franz von Lenbach, Marées was sent to Rome in 1864 by Adolf Friedrich Graf von Schack, an author, collector, and patron of the arts living in Munich, to copy significant paintings. In 1868, the artist’s relationship with Count Schack ended, but Marées found a new, enthusiastic patron in the philosopher Konrad Fiedler, who was, above all, deeply interested in his artwork. After traveling together to Spain, France, and Holland in 1869, Marées painted pictures of Italy from memory while staying in Dresden, such as this scene. Produced in 1872, it is a classical and traditional park landscape, partially determined by the spirit of antiquity in the topos of the nude coachman. With the group of figures to the left, the artist reveals his memories of the »genius loci« of the famous Roman park landscape, established by the influential Cardinal Scipione Borghese. Wearing a Japanese cloak at the very left is Böcklin, who is invoked in a sketched self-portrait while the man in a hat could be Konrad Fiedler, whom Marées had met in Rome. The crouching female figure, with her hazily sketched, raised hands, is reminiscent of a reverent Mary Magdalene gesture, as is found in countless portrayals from the late Renaissance.
  • ProvenanceKonrad Fiedler
    Frau Hofkapellmeister Mary Balling
    Fiedler, Schloß Riedberg in Partenkirchen
    1919 - 1921, Galerie Alfred Flechtheim
    1921, Galerie Karl Haberstock, Berlin
    1921, Hugo Perls, Galerie Caspari
    1921 - 1938, Dr. Georg Hirschland, Essen
    09.11.1938, Beschlagnahmung durch die NSDAP, Essen
    09.11.1938 - 01.04.1939, Depositum Museum Folkwang
    01.04.1939 - 1950, Kauf mit Auswanderungsguthaben (Stadt Essen und NSDAP Gauleitung der Stadt Essen)
    1950, Restitution, Erben Dr. Georg Hischland
    1950, Vermächtnis Dr. Georg Hirschland, Museum Folkwang, Essen
  • Obj_Id: 3,150
  • Obj_Internet_S: ja
  • Obj_Ownership_S (Verantw):Painting, Sculpture, Media Art
  • Obj_SpareNField01_N (Verantw): 187
  • Obj_Creditline_S: Gemäldesammlung
  • Obj_Title1_S: Figurengruppe in römischem Park II
  • Obj_Title2_S: Group of Figures at Roman Park II
  • Obj_PartDescription_S (Titelerg):
  • Obj_SpareMField01_M (Alle Titel): Figurengruppe in römischem Park II Group of Figures at Roman Park II Figurengruppe in römischem Park II
  • Obj_Dating_S: around 1868
  • Jahr von: 1,865
  • Jahr bis: 1,869
  • Obj_IdentNr_S: G 114
  • Obj_IdentNrSort_S: G 0114
  • Obj_Classification_S (Objtyp): Painting
  • Obj_Crate_S: 74 x 105 cm
  • Obj_Material_S: Oil on canvas
  • Obj_Technique_S:
  • Obj_SpareSField01_S (Mat./Tech.): Oil on canvas
  • Obj_AccNote_S (Erwerb): Acquired 1939 with the support of the City of Essen and the NSDAP Gauleitung of the City of Essen, restored 1950 to the Hirschland family and left to the Museum Folkwang as the legacy of Dr Georg Hirschland.
  • Obj_PermanentLocation_S (Standort):
  • Obj_Condition1_S (Druckerei):
  • Obj_Condition2_S (Auflage):
  • Obj_Subtype_S (Genre):
  • Obj_Rights_S: © Museum Folkwang, Essen
Commentary
Artists
Provenance

Along with Arnold Böcklin, Anselm Feuerbach, and the sculptor Adolf von Hildebrand, Hans von Marées ranks among the second generation of artists that traveled to Italy. Together with Feuerbach and Franz von Lenbach, Marées was sent to Rome in 1864 by Adolf Friedrich Graf von Schack, an author, collector, and patron of the arts living in Munich, to copy significant paintings. In 1868, the artist’s relationship with Count Schack ended, but Marées found a new, enthusiastic patron in the philosopher Konrad Fiedler, who was, above all, deeply interested in his artwork. After traveling together to Spain, France, and Holland in 1869, Marées painted pictures of Italy from memory while staying in Dresden, such as this scene. Produced in 1872, it is a classical and traditional park landscape, partially determined by the spirit of antiquity in the topos of the nude coachman. With the group of figures to the left, the artist reveals his memories of the »genius loci« of the famous Roman park landscape, established by the influential Cardinal Scipione Borghese. Wearing a Japanese cloak at the very left is Böcklin, who is invoked in a sketched self-portrait while the man in a hat could be Konrad Fiedler, whom Marées had met in Rome. The crouching female figure, with her hazily sketched, raised hands, is reminiscent of a reverent Mary Magdalene gesture, as is found in countless portrayals from the late Renaissance.