Museum Folkwang
Der Papageienmann
  • Max Liebermann
  • Der Papageienmann, 1902

  • The Parrot Man
  • Oil on canvas
  • 102,5 x 72,5 cm
  • Acquired in 1914 with the support of the Krupp-Jubiläums-Stiftung for the Kunstmuseum Essen, since 1922 Museum Folkwang
  • Inv. G 104
  • CommentaryRarely did any German artist come as close to Impressionism as did Max Liebermann. And no other work demonstrates this as clearly as does ›Der Papageienmann‹ (The Parrot Man). Liebermann’s interest in engaging parrot motifs seems to have begun in 1881, when he visited the Artis Zoo in Amsterdam and made studies of a parrot handler there. Contemporaries such as Adolf Menzel, Lovis Corinth, Max Slevogt, and later, even the young August Macke also liked to spend their time in zoological gardens, where the excitement of encounters between man and beast were an inspiration to draw. Twenty years later, Liebermann recalled the brightly colored scene that he had witnessed in Amsterdam and painted the work that now hangs in the Museum Folkwang alongside several large sketches and a variation on the same theme called ›Papageienallee‹ (Parrot Avenue). This is all the more surprising in view of the immediacy of the work, which looks as though it was painted from a live model. With spontaneous, hasty brushstrokes, Liebermann concentrates on reproducing his first impression of a bright array of colors. Notwithstanding his French inspiring colleagues and special affinity for Édouard Manet, Liebermann’s own brand of Impressionism differs significantly from the route taken by his French counterparts. His intention in this work lies more in the description of the zookeeper, with his zookeeper’s uniform and peaked cap, and the self-assured way in which he is »rounding up« three large parrots—presumably to take them to their nighttime quarters. Liebermann describes the gestures of this daily ritual in clear, bold hues that appear almost to alternate with the warm, pellucid light of late afternoon in which the whole scene is bathed.
  • ProvenanceKünstler
    1911 - 1914, Emil Oberwarth, Berlin
    1914 - 1914, Vermittlung, Galerie Caspari, München
    1914 - 1922, Kauf bei Caspari, Kunstmuseum Essen
    1922, Museum Folkwang, Essen
  • Obj_Id: 3,140
  • Obj_Internet_S: Highlight
  • Obj_Ownership_S (Verantw):Painting, Sculpture, Media Art
  • Obj_SpareNField01_N (Verantw): 187
  • Obj_Creditline_S: Museum Folkwang, Essen, Gemäldesammlung
  • Obj_Title1_S: Der Papageienmann
  • Obj_Title2_S: The Parrot Man
  • Obj_PartDescription_S (Titelerg):
  • Obj_SpareMField01_M (Alle Titel): Der Papageienmann The Parrot Man Der Papageienmann
  • Obj_Dating_S: 1902
  • Jahr von: 1,902
  • Jahr bis: 1,902
  • Obj_IdentNr_S: G 104
  • Obj_IdentNrSort_S: G 0104
  • Obj_Classification_S (Objtyp): Painting
  • Obj_Crate_S: 102,5 x 72,5 cm
  • Obj_Material_S: Oil on canvas
  • Obj_Technique_S:
  • Obj_SpareSField01_S (Mat./Tech.): Oil on canvas
  • Obj_AccNote_S (Erwerb): Acquired in 1914 with the support of the Krupp-Jubiläums-Stiftung for the Kunstmuseum Essen, since 1922 Museum Folkwang
  • Obj_PermanentLocation_S (Standort):
  • Obj_Condition1_S (Druckerei):
  • Obj_Condition2_S (Auflage):
  • Obj_Subtype_S (Genre):
  • Obj_Rights_S: © Museum Folkwang, Essen
Commentary
Artists
Provenance

Künstler
1911 - 1914, Emil Oberwarth, Berlin
1914 - 1914, Vermittlung, Galerie Caspari, München
1914 - 1922, Kauf bei Caspari, Kunstmuseum Essen
1922, Museum Folkwang, Essen